Region: Mount Ziria, Mount Kyllini / Peloponnese, Greece
Climate, geography, and demographics:
• 397.6 km2
• 400–829 mm yearly rainfall at 971 m asl
• Mediterranean climate characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Higher-altitude mountain areas fall within a warm summer Mediterranean climate
• Up to 2376 m a.s.l.
• Peaks separated by many small valleys and hills. Forested up to 1800 m; peaks mostly rocky with herbaceous vegetation and shrubs
• Includes 4 Natura 2000 sites
• High biodiversity featuring rare species, >100 plant species
• Mountainous Mediterranean with spiny shrubs, phrygana, steep rocks, caves, plane trees and conifers, agroforestry areas
• Large lakes: Doxa and Stymfalia
• 19 village communities
• 40 families, 12 000 sheep and goats
Pastoral activities, products and services: As a typical Greek mountainous area, the local economy is not adequately diversified. The local ski center and the artificial Lake Doxa attract visitors, inducing the development of tourism facilities. Concerning the primary sector, bean production is important in the local plain of Feneos. Nonetheless, the oldest and most important economic activity is animal production, almost exclusively under the transhumant system.
History and context of current challenges: Transhumance in the area was a form of societal organization in which large and independent family groups migrated with and organized their lives around livestock husbandry. Seasonal migrations took 3-8 days; the entire community followed, building new huts or restoring old ones every year. Sarakatsanaioi (traditional routes) were organized in closed Tseligkato (societies) which included all kinds of professions (tailors, bakers, cheese-makers, grocers, etc.) to ensure autonomy. The number of agro-pastoralist families has been decreasing, with a proportionate increase in the number of animals managed.
This CS will involve the recording of traditional flock routes, with on-site surveys and estimation of floristic diversity including an ethnobotanical analysis of native vegetation around the traditional paths. Socio-economic and policy and analyses will be conducted through participatory approaches and surveys, as well as GIS mapping.